Common Heart Diseases

Common Heart DiseasesCardiovascular disease is a contraction of arteries of the heart muscle and the body. It usually merges the two most general forms of heart disease – Coronary heart disease and Coronary artery disease. Such contraction can considerably limit the extent of blood which is moved by arteries and decline the extent of oxygen which is carried to the organs. As the coronary arteries get narrower, signs do not emerge until the greater part of the blood stream is unable to reach a space of one’s heart. Then this process can cause discontinuous chest pain that grows stronger and more frequent over time. These kinds of crucial assault of the pain in the chest are called acute coronary syndrome.

Heart failures, also termed congestive heart failures, makes the heart less able to circulate blood, less capable to entirely fill and oust the chambers. Consequently, blood moves down into the hands, legs, liver and lungs and causes swelling, fatigue and dyspnea (when it is hard to breathe). Any successive harm to the heart may result in heart failure sooner or later; generally, it is because of coronary artery disease, hypertension or preceding heart attacks. In case the reason is momentary, heart failure can also be momentary.

Cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle anomaly. It can be inborn or it can be caused by stress situations or toxic stuff. One or even more heart chambers may dilate, causing an increase of one of heart chambers. In other situations, some of heart walls may grow thicker. Cardiomyopathy may be caused by decreased blood stream to the heart, by succeeded muscle problems, exposure to such chemicals as alcohol, cocaine and medications used to cure cancer, that damage the heart. It may also have no evident cause (idiopathic cardiomyopathy).

Myocarditis is in fact an inflaming of the heart muscle. It is frequently present with a severe attack of dyspnea or/and an disorderly heart beating and can develop fast. It is often caused by viral infections.

Pericardial disease is a sickness of the sac around the heart. The most common reasons: fungous or bacterial infections, traumas, cancer, or a preceding heart attack. Without any treatment pericardium infections may rapidly become serious. Pericardial disease may cause additional friction “rub” and the chest ache.

Endocarditis is an inflaming of the pellicle which divides the heart and the heart valves. It may be caused by microorganisms or by autoimmune processes.